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one of the oldest Russian city Yaroslavl

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Old Yaroslavl

Old Yaroslavl

Yaroslavl front door #1

I am glad to open our new set of stories of our website. Recently I found out about quite interesting Russian LiveJournal in which a author writes about front doors (street door, or in Russian парадная, paradnaya, or in contemporary Russian подъезд, pod'ezd). The author pays attention to details. He walks in different places of Yaroslavl and takes photographs inside old houses and buildings. Let's start with the first Yaroslavl's front door.

The object #1, address: Kalmykovykh street (ул. Калмыковых), 5.

Working barracks, well-known by residents as "korpusa", were built in 1880-1890 years as dwellings for employees of Yaroslavl's Big Manufacture. There are eight red-brick buildings (three-storey and four-storey) and one white building. In present only four red and white are inhabited.

Buildings in Perekop are whole stratum of Yaroslavl's history. Starting as working barracks, then they have evolved into the most known communal flats, source of crime and permanent headache for government and residents. They are a cause of Perekop's bad reputation. This is understandable.

Let's see the history of this place

Approximately 4000 people have lived in these nine buildings before the revolution. Three-storey building could accommodate three hundreds and four-storey — four hundreds. The number of inhabitants have been increased in 3-4 times after "compression" of Soviet Government. Thus there were at least twenty thousands people on such small territory. No professors, no chief engineers, no academician.

There was a reconstruction and resettlement in 1960th. The main part of inhabitants have departed for Bragino, but remaining people dished it out to whole Yaroslavl. Today the resettlement is practically over. There is no bygone atmosphere, but there is rests of the material culture.

Well, go to the front door of building number 5 on Kalmykovykh street.

The door.

The staircase.

Staircase is the main decoration of a front door, and it is difficult to find such staircase in our city. It was made of cast iron!

It is the eternal material, so stairs are not destroyed and they kept the original image in spite of dreadful quarrels (there were lots of dead persons in Soviet period).

Pay attention to the legs of the handrails! But initially they were made for houses of unskilled workers!

The landing.

Apertures between stages are really great. The height is around six meters!

There are famous passages on both sides of the staircase. The passage divides all buildings: sixteen rooms on one sides and sixteens on another. Such room was called kamora (the chamber) and it was a space 4m×8m (32m). One room was for one family of a worker.

In Soviet era each kamora was separated on three parts and now it was for three families. The photo of separated kamora:

One family is on the average 3-4 persons, thus 9-12 per room, 32 rooms per floor, so 280-380 people per one floor. At the end of passage there were kitchens and lavatories. The photograph of 1950th:

In 1960th after reconstruction the rooms have been turned into an individual apartment with all conveniences inside rather than outside.

In post cases these apertures was closed with bricks and fastened with nails.

The common door:

The prank.

The internal strainer armature as a helm:

The buildings were built with the latest technologies of the time — using the fixture (the armature).

The rock paintings.

Yes, it's a very funny verse… with informal words.

via Ярославская парадная № 1

Monday, April 13, 2009 in . You can comment (already 2 responses).

We Have 2 comments

  1. Anonymous

    This post is very interesting for me! And the photos are something...

  2. Evgeny Pavlov

    Yes, I suppose so: it's very interesting place in Yaroslavl where I've never been :)

    And it's quite interesting to start with this article. I think we carry on our investigations.

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